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Idjangs (Stone Fortresses) of Batanes
Prau123
post Oct 29 2010, 01:05 AM
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When Filipinos think of Pre-Hispanic architectural wonders, they think of the many Rice Terraces in Luzon. But in Batanes province just north of Luzon, there exist fortified stone fortresses called Idjangs where the native Ivatans whose ancestors migrated to Batanes as early as 4,000 BC lived in them for defensive cover. Strangely enough, the northernmost province which is also the smallest province in the Philippines holds these ancient Filipino wonders. Following are some pictures:


Idjang Savidug, Sabtang Island, Batanes Province


Source: http://marnek.multiply.com/journal?&page_start=80

Idjang Savidug, Sabtang Island, Batanes Province


Source: http://www.biyahero.net/index.php?option=c...5&Itemid=56

Itbud Idjang, Batanes Province


Source: http://www.purocastillejos.com/visitors/places_to_see.php

An artist's conception of an Idjang


Source: http://liveinthephilippines.com/content/20...remote-batanes/

This post has been edited by Prau123: Oct 29 2010, 03:25 AM
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Prau123
post Oct 29 2010, 05:29 AM
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Idjang video!!! Idjangs were used from 12th. to 16th. century AD prior to the coming of the Spanish.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fc81JnOOnE0...feature=related
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islander
post Oct 29 2010, 02:24 PM
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Found some short history on Batanes.
http://www.zamboanga.com/z/index.php?title...%2C_Philippines

So why did they live in those mountain fortresses. Was it more because of the Typhoons then possible attacks from outsiders.
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Prau123
post Oct 29 2010, 03:08 PM
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QUOTE (islander @ Oct 29 2010, 03:24 PM) *
Found some short history on Batanes.
http://www.zamboanga.com/z/index.php?title...%2C_Philippines

So why did they live in those mountain fortresses. Was it more because of the Typhoons then possible attacks from outsiders.


Yes, it is very likely so. I've read in the past, that when attackers invaded, the Ivatans would run quickly to their idjangs which were all on top of a hill or mountain, and wait it out. The Ivatans were probably never in large numbers.

This post has been edited by Prau123: Oct 29 2010, 03:11 PM
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matigasngulo
post Oct 29 2010, 03:38 PM
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a very warlike people up there beerchug.gif
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Prau123
post Oct 29 2010, 05:17 PM
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I'm guessing this is also an idjang, but next to the sea, or at the very least an Ivatan fortified community next to the sea. As you can see, the town is built on a rocky steep grade fortified by short stone fences. There is also the "boat graves" which are graves made of stones in the form of a boat. You will also notice that the boats on the shore do not have the characteristic outriggers found throughout much of Austronesia. It is likely that they had not discovered it, or never needed the outriggers. Lastly, the terrain of Batanes was in general devoid of forest since the islands were small and hit hard with typhoons.



Source: http://www.purocastillejos.com/about/history.php

The Ivatans created idjangs as a defense against invaders. Since the islands were small and devoid of forest cover, the Ivatans could not simply run away or hide. Fortunately, the islands were hilly and mountainous, and they took advantage of this terrain, and fortified them, hence the formation of idjangs. Every town had an idjang to resort to for sanctuary.

Other spellings for idjang are ijang and idiang.

Ivana Ijang and Chuhangin Ijang are other idjangs in Batanes.

This post has been edited by Prau123: Oct 29 2010, 05:26 PM
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Prau123
post Oct 29 2010, 05:48 PM
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QUOTE (matigasngulo @ Oct 29 2010, 04:38 PM) *
a very warlike people up there beerchug.gif


They have a folk dance with sticks. It resembles the Sinawali drills in Escrima/Arnis/Kali. It's like a war dance.
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